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Created by the Commanders

The 19th Century

Annotated's purpose is to produce free annotated and critical editions of the best works ever written. These include both those in the canon as well as lesser-known (though equally valuable) works. This is an ongoing and lifelong project, so we appreciate your support in helping us realize this goal. We rely entirely on the support of generous donors and volunteers to produce our editions, so please consider contributing to our mission in any way you can.


Below are the titles of the 19th-century texts that Annotated has produced editions on or is in the process of editing, along with suggested resources for each of those texts. We prioritize the production of our editions according to the texts most commonly used in middle school, high school, and college classrooms as well as those for which we receive sponsorship and frequent requests.


If there is not currently an edition available here for the text you seek (either listed or not listed), please use this form to request it and we will prioritize it accordingly. If you are a scholar and wish to contribute to an edition of a 19th-century text, please use the same form. If you are interested in sponsoring an edition for immediate production, please contact us at Thank you for supporting our mission to make knowledge free!

Featured Edition

"The Cask of Amontillado"  by Edgar Allan Poe


von Goethe, Johann Wolfgang (1749-1832). 
The Sorrows of Young Werther (1774) by Goethe
Faust, Parts I & II (1808, 1832) by Goethe

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Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich (1770-1831).

Phenomenology of Spirit (1807) by Hegel

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Scott, Walter (1770–1850). The Pirate (1822)

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Wordsworth, William (1770–1850). Selected Poetry

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Coleridge, Samuel Taylor (1772–1834). Selected Poetry

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Austen, Jane (1775-1817). 

Pride and Prejudice (1813) by Jane Austen

Sense and Sensibility (1811) by Jane Austen

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Irving, Washington (1783-1859).

"Rip Van Winkle" (1819) by Washington Irving

"The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" (1820) by Irving

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Grimm, Jacob (1785-1863) and Wilhelm (1786-1859).

Children's and Household Tales (1812, 1815) 

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De Quincey, Thomas (1785–1859).

Confessions of an English Opium-Eater (1821)

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George Gordon, Lord Byron (1788–1824). Selected Poetry

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Cooper, James Fenimore (1789-1851).

The Last of the Mohicans (1826) by Cooper

The Red Rover (1827) by James Fenimore Cooper

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Shelley, Percy Bysshe (1792-1822). Selected Poetry

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Keats, John (1795–1821). Selected Poetry

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Shelley, Mary (1797-1851).

Frankenstein (1818) by Mary Shelley

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Balzac, Honoré (1799-1850). Le Père Goriot (1835)

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Dumas, Alexandre (1802-1870).

The Count of Monte Cristo (1844) by Alexandre Dumas

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Hugo, Victor (1802-1885).

The Hunchback of Notre-Dame (1831) by Victor Hugo

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Emerson, Ralph Waldo (1803-1882). Selected Writings

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Hawthorne, Nathaniel (1804-1864).

"Young Goodman Brown" (1835) by Nathaniel Hawthorne

"The Birth-Mark" (1843) by Nathaniel Hawthorne

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Browning, Elizabeth Barrett (1806–1861). Selected Poetry

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Mill, John Stuart (1806–1873). Selected Prose

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Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth (1807-1882). Selected Verse

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Northup, Solomon (1808-1863). 12 Years a Slave (1853)

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Poe, Edgar Allan (1809-1849).

Annotated™ Edition: "The Cask of Amontillado" (1846)

The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym (1838) by Poe

"The Oval Portrait" (1842) by Edgar Allan Poe

"The Masque of the Red Death" (1842) by Poe

"The Tell-Tale Heart" (1843) by Edgar Allan Poe

"The Black Cat" (1843) by Edgar Allan Poe

"The Purloined Letter" (1844) by Edgar Allan Poe

"The Imp of the Perverse" (1845) by Edgar Allan Poe

Selected Poetry by Edgar Allan Poe

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Gogol, Nikolai (1809-1852). “The Nose” (1836)

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Darwin, Charles (1809-1882).

The Origin of Species (1859) by Charles Darwin

The Descent of Man (1871) by Charles Darwin

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Tennyson, Alfred (1809-1892). Selected Verse

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Gaskell, Elizabeth (1810–1865).

Mary Barton (1848) by Elizabeth Gaskell

"The Old Nurse's Story" (1852) by Elizabeth Gaskell

North and South (1855) by Elizabeth Gaskell

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Dickens, Charles (1812-1870).

The Pickwick Papers (1837) by Charles Dickens

Oliver Twist (1838) by Charles Dickens

A Christmas Carol (1843) by Charles Dickens

David Copperfield (1850) by Charles Dickens

Bleak House (1853) by Charles Dickens

Little Dorrit  (1855) by Charles Dickens

A Tale of Two Cities (1859) by Charles Dickens

Great Expectations (1861) by Charles Dickens

Our Mutual Friend (1865) by Charles Dickens

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Browning, Robert (1812–1889). Selected Poetry

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Jacobs, Harriet (1813–1897).

Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl (1861) by Jacobs

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Brontë, Charlotte (1816-1855).

Jane Eyre (1847) by Charlotte Brontë

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  • To Walk Invisible (Documentary)

Thoreau, Henry David (1817-1862).

"Civil Disobedience" (1849) by Henry David Thoreau

Walden (1854) by Henry David Thoreau

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Brontë, Emily (1818-1848).

Wuthering Heights (1847) by Emily Brontë

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  • To Walk Invisible (Documentary)

Marx, Karl (1818-1883) and Friedrich Engels (1820-1895).

The Communist Manifesto (1848) by Marx and Engels

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Douglass, Frederick (~1818-1895).

Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass (1845)

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Eliot, George (1819-1880).

Adam Bede (1859) by George Eliot (Mary Anne Evans)

The Mill on the Floss (1860) by George Eliot (Mary Anne Evans)

Silas Marner (1861) by George Eliot (Mary Anne Evans)

Romola (1863)  by George Eliot (Mary Anne Evans)

Middlemarch (1871) by George Eliot (Mary Anne Evans)

Daniel Deronda (1876) by George Eliot (Mary Anne Evans)

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Melville, Herman (1819–1891).

Moby-Dick (1851) by Herman Melville

"Bartleby, the Scrivener" (1853) by Herman Melville

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Whitman, Walt (1819-1892). Leaves of Grass (1855)

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Brontë, Anne (1820-1849).

The Tenant of Wildfell Hall (1848) by Anne Brontë

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  • To Walk Invisible (Documentary)

Baudelaire, Charles (1821-1867). 

Les Fleurs du mal (1857) by Charles Baudelaire

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Arnold, Matthew (1822-1888). Selected Verse and Prose

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Verne, Jules (1828-1905).

Journey to the Center of the Earth (1864) by Jules Verne

Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea (1870) by Verne

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Ibsen, Henrik (1828-1906).

A Doll's House (1879)  by Henrik Ibsen

An Enemy of the People (1882) by Henrik Ibsen

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Tolstoy, Leo (1828-1910).

War and Peace (1867) by Leo Tolstoy

Anna Karenina (1877) by Leo Tolstoy

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Dickinson, Emily (1830–1886). Selected Poetry

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Rossetti, Christina (1830-1894). Goblin Market (1862)

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Carroll, Lewis (1832-1898).

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (1865) by Carroll

Through the Looking Glass (1871) by Lewis Caroll

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Twain, Mark (1835-1910).

The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1875) by Mark Twain

Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1885) by Mark Twain

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Zola, Émile (1840-1902). Germinal (1885)

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Hardy, Thomas (1840-1928).

Return of the Native (1878) by Thomas Hardy

Far From the Madding Crowd (1874) by Thomas Hardy

The Mayor of Casterbridge (1886) by Thomas Hardy

Tess of the d'Urbervilles (1891) by Thomas Hardy

Jude the Obscure (1895) by Thomas Hardy

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James, Henry (1843-1916). The Turn of the Screw (1898)

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Nietzsche, Friedrich (1844-1900). Selected Writings

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Stoker, Bram (1847-1912). Dracula (1897)

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Burnett, Frances Hodgson (1849-1924).

The Secret Garden (1911) by Frances Hodgson Burnett

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Stevenson, Robert Louis (1850-1894).

Treasure Island (1883) by Robert Louis Stevenson

Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde (1886) by Stevenson

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Chopin, Kate (1850–1904). "The Story of an Hour" (1894)

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Wilde, Oscar (1854-1900).

Annotated Edition: The Picture of Dorian Gray (1890) [Gifford]

The Importance of Being Earnest (1899) by Oscar Wilde

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Freud, Sigmund (1856-1939). Selected Writings

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Shaw, George Bernard (1856-1950).

Mrs Warren's Profession (1893) by George Bernard Shaw

Pygmalion (1912) by George Bernard Shaw

Saint Joan (1923) by George Bernard Shaw

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Conrad, Joseph (1857-1924).

Heart of Darkness (1899) by Joseph Conrad

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Doyle, Sir Arthur Conan (1859-1930).

"A Case of Identity" (1891) by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

The Sherlock Holmes Collection by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

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Chekhov, Anton (1860-1904).

The Seagull (1895) By Anton Chekhov

Uncle Vanya (1898) by Anton Chekhov

The Cherry Orchard (1903) by Anton Chekhov

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Gilman, Charlotte Perkins (1860–1935).

"The Yellow Wallpaper" (1892) by Charlotte Perkins Gilman

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Henry, O. (1862-1910). Selected Short Stories

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Kipling, Rudyard (1865-1936).

The Jungle Book (1894) by Rudyard Kipling

Kim (1901) by Rudyard Kipling

Selected Verse & Short Stories by Rudyard Kipling

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Wells, H. G. (1866-1946). The Island of Doctor Moreau (1896)

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Blackwood, Algernon (1869-1951).

The Willows (1907) by Algernon Blackwood

The Wendigo (1910) by Algernon Blackwood

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Crane, Stephen (1871-1900).

"Maggie: A Girl of the Streets" (1893) by Stephen Crane

"The Open Boat" (1897) by Stephen Crane

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Dunbar, Paul Laurence (1872-1906). Selected Writings

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